Robert Lee Frost
American poet, four times winner of the Pulitzer Prize (1924, 1931, 1937, 1943).
Born on March 26, 1874 in San Francisco.
The poet's father died because of tuberculosis when Frost was 11 years old. The poet was educated at Dartmouth College. In 1895, he married a classmate, Eleanor White. In 1894 he published the first collection of poems. For some time he worked as a schoolteacher and farmer. In 1897-1899 he attended Harvard University. Of Robert and Eleanor's six children, two died in infancy. The numerous losses he had to face in his youth caused the stoic pessimism of his attitude.
The first decade of the 20th century, Frost's family was in a difficult financial situation and spent this time on a farm in New Hampshire. In the USA, Frost's poems could not find a publisher, so on the threshold of his fortieth birthday, Frost made a difficult decision —
to sell the farm and start his literary career anew in London, where he went in August 1912. There, with the support of Ezra Pound, he managed to publish his first poem "A Boy's Will" (1913).
The main motive of Frost's poems throughout his career remained the rural realities of Great Britain. The poet paints the inhabitants of rural areas for everyday activities, which in his interpretation acquire a deep philosophical meaning.
After the outbreak of World War I, Frost returned to New Hampshire, where he purchased a new farm, which, however, did not bring him profit. His fame in his homeland gradually grew, and in 1924 he won the Pulitzer Prize for his fourth book, "New Hampshire".
During his lifetime, Robert Frost taught literature at various colleges and universities in the United States as a guest lecturer.
Frost was awarded many awards, was nominated for the Nobel Prize 31 times, and in 1961 the poet received an invitation to read his poem "The Gift Outright" (1942) at the inauguration ceremony of President John F. Kennedy.
Robert Frost died on January 29, 1963 in Boston.