Belarusian poet, writer, social activist.
She was born on July 27, 1910 in the estate of Žlobaǔcy, Hrodna county. In 1928 she graduated from the Vaǔkavysk Polish Gymnasium. In 1935, she married Janka Hienijuš, in the same year their son Jurka Hienijuš was born. In 1937, she moved to Prague, where her husband studied and then worked as a doctor.
After the annexation of Western Belarus to the USSR (1939), Larysa Hienijuš's father was arrested. Soon, after a short imprisonment in the Hrodna prison, he was shot. Larysa Hienijuš's mother and her two sisters were deported to Kazakhstan.
In 1937-1947 she lived in Prague. She established ties with the Belarusian emigration, participated in the work of the BNR government in emigration. In March 1943, she became the General Secretary of the government and was engaged in the preservation and streamlining of the BNR archive. She took care of Belarusian emigrants, political refugees, Belarusian workers and prisoners of war in Germany. She took part in the second All-Belarusian Congress.
Since 1945, the Soviet authorities have sought the extradition of Hienijuš, blaming them for "anti-Soviet nationalist activities" during the war. By the end of 1947 Larysa Hienijuš moved with her husband from Prague to Wimperk.
On March 5, 1948, she was arrested, and on August 12, together with her husband, she was handed over to the Soviet authorities. They were held in Soviet prisons in Vienna and Lviv, from the end of 1948 in a prison in Minsk, where Larysa Hienijuš was interrogated by the Minister of State Security of the BSSR Lavrenty Tsanava, who unsuccessfully demanded that she hand over the archives of the BNR.
In February 1949, the Supreme Court of the BSSR sentenced Larysa Hienijuš to 25 years of imprisonment in camps. Janka Hienijuš was sentenced to the same term. She served her sentence in the camps of Inta and Abezi (Komi ASSR) and in the Mordovian ASSR.
In 1956, together with her husband, she was partially rehabilitated, the sentence was reduced to 8 years, which have already passed since the verdict. After their release, they settled in their husband's homeland in Zelva.
In principle, she refused to accept Soviet citizenship, remained a citizen of Czechoslovakia. The House of Geniuses in Zelva has become an attractive environment for the creative youth of Belarus. Despite the supervision of the KGB, poets and writers, artists, scientists were frequent guests in Zelva.
Larysa Hienijuš wrote poetry while still in high school, and began publishing in 1939 in Belarusian emigrant periodicals. During the war, she was published in the newspapers "Ranica" ("Morning"), "Bielaruski rabotnik" ("Belarusian worker"), "Novy šliach" ("New Way"), etc. In 1942, the first collection of her poetry "Ad rodnych niǔ" ("From native Fields") was published in Prague, in which national liberation motives predominate. She also wrote poetry in prison. After her release, her work was banned for 10 years. In 1967, with the assistance of Maxim Tank, her first collection in Soviet Belarus, "Nievadam z Niomana", was published. For a long time Larysa Hienijuš was allowed to act only as a children's writer, she published two books of poems for children "Kazki dlja Michas'ki" ("Fairy Tales for Mikhaska") (1972), "Dobraj ranicy, Alies" ("Good Morning, Ales", 1976). The author of the collection "on the chabar is infused" (1982). The most complete and significant collections of her works were published posthumously.
She passed away in 1983 (at that time she was 72 years old).
Buried in Zelva.